Simone De Beauvoir eBooks
Simone de Beauvoir was a French philosopher and feminist. Born in 1908 in Paris, her family was devoutly Catholic. She studied mathematics, literature, and philosophy. She prepared for the agrégation in philosophy at 21, making her the youngest person to pass the exam.
Beauvoir began working as a teacher in Marseilles in 1931. While working there, she was accused of having sexual relationships with some of her female students. These relationships eventually resulted in her suspension in 1943.
The same year, Beauvoir published her first novel, She Came to Stay. The book was a fictionalized version of her relationship with Jean Paul Sartre. Having met Jean Paul Sartre while studying, they had become a couple in 1929. Though they were never married, the two had a lifelong relationship.
Beauvoir’s fiction was heavily influenced by her philosophical work. Her first philosophical essay, Pyrrhus and Cineas, was published in 1944. However, her best known work, The Second Sex, was published in 1949. The American edition of the book was published soon after, though its translation was inaccurate. It was only corrected in 2009 for the book’s 60th anniversary.
Beauvoir published over twenty books, a mixture of philosophy, novels, short stories, and non-fiction. Her 1954 novel, The Mandarins, earned her the Prix Goncourt. It was a semi-biographical story of many of the French existentialist philosophers and writers.
Beauvoir died in 1986, and only after her death were many of her papers made available to the public. Her letters to both Sartre and Nelson Algren were published as volumes in 1990 and 1998, respectively.