Cleaner Transport Fuels for Cleaner Air in Central Asia and the Caucasus PDF (Adobe DRM) download by Robert W. Bacon

Cleaner Transport Fuels for Cleaner Air in Central Asia and the Caucasus

The World Bank
Publication date: August 2000
ISBN: 9780821347836
Digital Book format: PDF (Adobe DRM)

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Urban air pollution is a matter of increasing concern in many of the newly independent states (NIS). This study has reviewed the current status of three principal areas closely linked to urban air quality management - air quality monitoring, vehicle emissions abatement, and fuel quality - with a view to making recommendations for the next decade. It assesses the current status of air quality, current and future vehicle fleet characteristics and their fuel requirements, the impact of different fuel specifications on vehicular emissions and air quality, the implications of changing demand and fuel quality for the refining sector, the technical feasibility and costs of various options for improving fuel quality, and changes in petroleum sector policy. The study makes the following recommendations: a) Fuel specifications will have to be revised soon. b) Harmonization of fuel standards should be considered. c) The refining industry needs guidance about future fuel standards so that it can plan its investments. The World Bank Group may be able to assist in the implementation of some of the recommended measures by pilot testing improved monitoring systems through technical assistance or learning and innovation loans (LILs).
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