Japanese Management Techniques PDF (Adobe DRM) download by Badar Alzadjali

Japanese Management Techniques

GRIN Verlag
Publication date: January 2010
ISBN: 9783640719327
Digital Book format: PDF (Adobe DRM)


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Japanese Management Techniques
Alzadjali, B. (2009)
2 - 10
There is no doubt that every person from all walks of life is indeed using a
Japanese product or technology in his daily life, whether it is cars, pens or paper. Indeed,
Japan provided the world with many successful global companies and brands such as
Sony, Fujitsu, HP and Toyota. These global Japanese brands did not only affect Japanese
economy, it also affected the world economy and trade. These industrial revolutions put
Japan on one of the six big industrial countries alongside the United States, United
Kingdom, Germany, France and Italy. It is not the manufacturing elements that made
Japan reach that, but there is also a great management system. The success of their
approaches was not by adopting a fixed accounting system or by Activity-based costing
ABC, but by using systematic flexible systems (Patel and Russell 1994, pp.64-65).
In the last 50 years, Japan brought to the world a successful management style starting
with a government model in the early 1950s, to a corporate model in the 1980s (Porter et
al. 2002; Whitehill 1991). The root of the modern Japanese management goes back to
post Second World War, when Japan started its economic recovery. Japan started a
phenomenal revolution management system (Porter et al. 2002; Whitehill 1991). Towards
the 1970s, research showed that the United States and some European countries used a
similar system (Hayashi 2002). In 1980s the time came to challenge just how these
systems would work out under the Japanese corporate management systems.
Professor William Ouchi's book, about the Japanese management system entitled Theory
Z: how American business can meet the Japanese challenge (England 1983; Hayashi
2002). The book became a standard management system practice in the United States for
more than 20 years. During the last century, there were many theories which appeared on
the table based on Japanese model from theory X to Z. However, the American
companies did not found any productivity value on this model system and the theory Z
management application became unlikely used among American companies and
businessmen (England 1983; Whitehill 1991; Jeremiah J, 1992) perhaps because of
differences in the environment or the culture. However, the Japanese culture has played
an important role in the Japanese management system. In fact, the Japanese firm
management system was based on two functions; columns economy and culture.
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