Philanthropists and Foundation Globalization addresses three interrelated aspects of foundation history. First, it reviews biographical historical profiles of the founding philanthropists and their heirs engaged in international giving. Second, it discusses major governmental and non-governmental investigations and studies of foundations including domestic ones, and also foreign ones in which U.S. participants have played a prominent role, spanning the period 1912 to the present. Third, it chronicles foundation developments and activities in Europe at the close of the twentieth century. The volume provides a historical account of some U.S. foundations’ international activity in a particular region in a specific time period and their accomplishments.